Varanasi (also known as Banaras or Kashi) is one of the oldest living cities in the world. It is situated on the banks of the river Ganga in the northern part of India. Varanasi has been a home to several distinguished philosophers, academicians, saints and scholars from times immemorial. This city has been the focal point of education, and many religions and cultures. It is the place where Lord Buddha acquired the spiritual enlightenment; Sant Tulsi Das wrote the Ramcharit Manas; Adiguru Shankaracharya received the knowledge of Bramha; Charak wrote the book of Ayurvedic Medicine; and Maharishi Sushruta, the father of surgery developed various surgical procedures. The city is famous for its silk sarees, ghats, and banarasi paan. The city is very well connected to all parts of the world by road and air. The city has generally pleasant weather during February. Some of the central attractions of the city are Sarnath, Ghats at Ganges, Temples, Chunar fort, and Ramnagar fort.